Cannabis Indica and Sativa: Differences and Similarities

At first, finding the best option for you when it comes to buying cannabis can be daunting. With so many types and combinations of cannabis plants, it is almost impossible to choose the one that best suits your needs. In this article, you will find useful information about the major strains of Indica and Sativa cannabis.

Read on to learn about the main characteristics of the two varieties, what makes them stand out, and how to choose the right one.

Stories of All Strains 

First, let’s look at the etymology of each tribe. According to the Larousse dictionary, the term “cannabis” comes from the Latin word “cannabis” which means weeds.

 

Scientifically speaking, the botanical term cannabis was proposed in the 18th century and was founded in 1753 in the study of Carl Linnaeus Species Plantarum. This is entirely called cannabis sativa and refers to an industrial non-psychoactive strain initially harvested primarily for textiles and seeds. And their CBD.

 

Today, these varieties are commonly referred to as hemp, but the term “sativa” refers to a more specific strain of cannabis plant based on region and has a whole new meaning (which is partly). It’s a cause of misunderstanding) Where it blooms. , Its properties and effects.



History of Cannabis Sativa

“Sativa” is a Latin botanical term meaning “cultivation”. To represent plants native to equatorial regions such as Thailand, South India, Jamaica, and Mexico, tropical climate regions, and the Eurasian region, where plants were first cultivated for fiber, seeds and CBD. Used, as we said.

History of Indica Cannabis

Indica means “from India” in Greek and indicates the geographical origin of the plant. The term was first introduced in 1785 by the French naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck. This refers to the psychotropic drug varieties found in India that have been harvested for the production of seeds, fibers, and hashes. In the early days, it was not considered a psychotropic drug. Cannabis indica is common in Central Asia, especially in countries around India such as Pakistan, Tibet, and Nepal. If you come across a strain that contains the word “Kush” in its name, you may have an India plant in your hand.

Hybrid: Modern Varieties

Today, both types of cannabis are cultivated commercially around the world and are widely consumed due to their psychoactive properties. As a result, almost all seeds on the market today are hybrids, each combining specific Indica and Sativa characteristics. This is not necessarily a bad thing, as the mating created some mythical lineages, but the distinction between Sativa and Indica is a bit outdated. Depending on their genetic makeup, plants can be classified as either Indica or Sativa predominant. This profile is shown as a percentage commonly found in seed variety descriptions.

The mating possibilities are endless and offer many opportunities to combine the effects of both strains to create extraordinary strains with even more powerful medical uses than traditional strains. In fact, 100% native Sativa or Indica (plants are naturally grown in the natural environment) and heirloom (plants naturally grown outside the natural environment) are extremely rare.

Visual Features

Thanks to the shape of the plants and leaves, you can tell at a glance the difference between the two types. Sativa plants are known for their height. They grow up to 3 meters in height and can have long, thin leaves in shades of light green. Sativa’s buds are hairy and large. Due to its appearance, Sativa is also called NLD (narrow-leaf medicine) and is a morphological feature that is very useful during the harvesting process. Indica plants, on the other hand, are low and bushy, with wide, dense leaves that are dark green. It is called BLD (broadleaf medicine) variety because of the shape of the leaves of Indica.

Effect

The distinction between Sativa and Indica strains based on their effects on the brain and the human body is based on the amount of THC and CBD they contain. CBD, which is abundant in Indica cannabis, is known to have a relaxing effect, but THC, which is high in Sativa strains, has an uplifting effect. This distinction applies only to very specific strains today, but it is still of some value when it comes to deciding which strain to grow.

Sativa: Activator

Sativa and Sativa-dominant strains primarily affect the brain, causing euphoria and greater coziness. Therefore, it is often recommended to take cannabis Sativa during the day. It stimulates the mind and therefore uplifting, cheerfulness and creativity. Depending on the THC concentration, Sativa strains can cause psychedelic and hallucinogenic effects. In some cases, when taken in high doses or in combination with alcohol, Sativa can cause unwanted side effects such as dizziness and blurred vision.

Cannabis Sativa Medical Use

Although medicinal use of cannabis is often associated with high CBD strains, there are also some preliminary studies on the potential use of THC. Sativa-dominant strains tend to have more brain effects and are more effective in treating problems such as loss of appetite, migraine headaches, and chronic pain.

The height of most Sativa strains of psychotropic drugs can provide an uplifting and rewarding experience. However, as with all psychotropic drugs, you should be careful if you have a mental illness. At high doses, THC can cause a negative reaction in the brain and exacerbate symptoms.

Indica: Great for Relaxing

Indica cannabis, on the other hand, has a high CBD content and can be used in medical applications such as the treatment of anxiety and chronic illness. It has a calming effect, reducing stress in the process, thereby physically affecting the body by inducing a process of mental relaxation. Taking Indica cannabis is recommended for nighttime activities as it is likely to cause drowsiness. Keep in mind that high doses of cannabis indica can lethargic you and be “completely stoned”.

Medical Use of Indica Cannabis

Indica strains naturally tend to produce fairly relaxed heights. These strains have long been associated with high CBD levels, which is not always the case today. There are many Indica-dominant hybrids with a large concentration of THC. Therefore, if you are looking for a natural sedative, look for CBD levels. This cannabinoid has exploded in fame, primarily thanks to the legalization of hemp and recent studies showing that it is effective in treating certain medical conditions such as insomnia, inflammation, seizures, and convulsions. I will.

Is The Distinction Between Sativa And Indica Related?

As I mentioned several times in this article, it is important to analyze why the use of terms such as “Sativa” and “Indica” is not really relevant today. In fact, cannabis studies conclude that there is not enough evidence to suggest that the Indica strain is purely a sedative and that the Sativa strain has a verifiable chemical profile that indicates it is purely brain. .. However, the discussion is more relevant to producers than consumers, as these two plants exhibit different growth patterns.

Kymron DeCesare, Research Director at Steep Hill Labs, explains that terms such as Sativa and Indica are no longer reliable indicators of product content. Laboratory tests to determine the substances present, their interrelationships and their concentrations are the only effective means of determining their “medical efficacy”.

DeCesare further pointed out that the distinction between Sativa and Indica is most helpful in explaining plants in their natural state. At that time, there were less than 60 natural varieties in the world. As a result of years of mating and engineering, the numbers have increased more than 10 times, making it impossible to predict the effects of species just by looking at them.

A More Reliable Way To Measure The Effectiveness Of Cannabis

Undoubtedly, the Indica and Sativa classification is an easy way for beginners to understand the complex world of cannabis genetics. Unfortunately, in reality, without laboratory testing, there is no way to know the effects of strain. Below is an overview of the three main factors to consider when choosing a stock to grow or consume.

Cannabinoid Content

Cannabis contains over 100 compounds, primarily terpenes and cannabinoids, which together form a unique “drink” effect. Their beloved recreational and therapeutic properties derive from the two most well-known cannabinoids, THC and CBD.

THC (Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol) is known to relieve pain and nausea and can also cause hunger and hunger.

CBD (cannabidiol) is a non-psychoactive compound, unlike THC, which relieves pain, anxiety and inflammation, among other medical conditions.

Although cannabinoid content is essential information when selecting a strain, the list of compounds is endless and the process can be very complex, especially for beginners. Instead, you can follow three tips:

THC-dominant strains are known for their euphoric and powerful effects and are also used to treat conditions such as anxiety, insomnia and depression.

CBD-dominant strains have low THC and are popular with patients looking for a treatment that does not change their minds.

Hybrid THC and CBD strains, as the name implies, contain balanced levels of THC and CBD, providing users with mild euphoria and symptomatology relief. These strains are generally the first choice for beginners.

Finally, note that neither Sativa nor Indica strains can have any of the cannabinoid profiles listed above. Therefore, there is no clear division between the two.

Terpene Content

Terpenes are responsible for the aroma of cannabis and also give off citrus fruits, berries, fuels and pine. These aromatics are also produced by lavender flowers, hops, and some fruits and are secreted by the same glands that drip CBD and THC. ..

There are many different types of cannabis terpenes that have a relaxing or stimulating effect. For example, linalool is used for relaxation, but pinene has a more stimulating effect. It is the relative relationship between the different types of terpenes combined with that of the cannabinoid that determines the overall effect of the plant. Finally, although the Sativa / Indica morphology cannot be used as an indicator of terpene effects, some strains show some consistency with respect to this aspect of the plant.

Experience and Behavior

When choosing a strain, it’s not just about looking at the characteristics of the plant. There are other factors to consider.

Tolerance: Important when choosing varieties. If yours are low, it is best to switch to a low THC strain and consume a fairly low dose.

THC Anxiety and Other Side Effects: If you are susceptible to these, consider high CBD strains.

Duration of effect: If you need a lasting effect, try edible. However, start with a low dose. Choose an inhaler or liqueur for a quick effect.

Which kind is right for you?

Educate yourself about the various effects and benefits of terpenes and cannabinoids before choosing a particular strain. Depending on your expectations, and with some extensive research (not the usual oversimplified distinction between Indica and Sativa), you will be able to find the right strain for you.

Conclusion

It is widely believed that Sativa and Indica have different effects, but ingestion of either strain does not result in the two dramatically different conditions. There are abundant seeds on the market with different levels of THC and CBD, and you can find fairly balanced or predominant strains.

Choosing cannabis by cannabis seed or common name is the most reliable way to gain experience. Try out the predominant strains of Sativa and Indica to see how they respond to the effects of THC and CBD, and fully enjoy the different effects of cannabis depending on your desires and mood.

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